How to Upshift

If you drive a manual vehicle or a motorcycle, upshifting is an important aspect of driving on the road. Unlike automatic vehicles, which automatically switch gears, manual vehicles require the driver to do it themselves. Even though upshifting seems daunting at first, with enough practice you’ll be able to master the technique and drive down the road with confidence.

EditSteps

EditStarting From a Full Stop in a Manual Vehicle

  1. Locate the clutch pedal. The clutch pedal should be the far left pedal in your vehicle, next to the brake. You’ll have to press down on this pedal as you upshift, so it’s important to know where it’s located before you start driving.[1]
    Upshift Step 1 Version 2.jpg
  2. Examine the pattern on the top of your stick shift. Familiarizing yourself with the pattern on top of your stick shift will help you understand where the stick shift needs to go when upshifting. The stick shift should have R, 1, 2, 3, 4, and sometimes higher numbers. R stands for reverse while the rest of the figures stand for the gear that your car is in. When upshifting, you’ll be moving from one gear to the next highest gear to gain speed in your vehicle.[2]
    Upshift Step 2.jpg
    • Different cars will have a different shifting patterns. It’s important to understand your car’s pattern before you start driving.
  3. Start the vehicle. With the clutch pushed down to the floor, put your key into the car’s ignition and rotate your wrist to start it. If you have a button ignition, press the button instead.[3] Keeping the brake pushed down while you do this will ensure that the car doesn’t roll as you shift gears.[4]
  4. Move the stick shift into first gear. Move the stick shift into first gear and release the brake. As you do this the car should start to roll.[5]
    • If you start the car on an incline you’ll have to keep your foot on the brake to stop from rolling backward.
  5. Lift off the clutch and slowly press on the gas pedal. Slowly lift off the clutch while simultaneously pressing down on the gas pedal. As you do this you’ll start to gain momentum in first gear.
    • This is the hardest part of getting started, so don’t worry if you stall out.
    • If you stall out, turn off the car and start over from the first step.

EditUpshifting in a Manual Vehicle

  1. Start upshifting when your car reaches 2,500 – 3,000 RPM. RPM stands for rotations per minute and tracks how fast your tires are rotating. The tachometer, or the meter that reads your car’s RPM, is usually found next to your speedometer and has numbers from 0 to 9. Once the needle on this meter is between 2,500 to 3,000, you should begin to upshift.[6]
  2. Press down on the clutch while lifting off on the gas. Use your foot to depress the clutch pedal while at the same time slowly lifting off the gas. This will free up your stick shift and allow you to slide it into the next gear. During this time your car will go into a neutral state, and you’ll notice your engine revving if your foot is pressed too hard on the gas.[7]
  3. Use your hand to shift up into the next gear. Shift into the next highest gear as you’re pushing the clutch down to the floor. If you’re in first gear, you will move the stick shift into second gear. This should happen in one fluid motion, so don’t hesitate for too long.[8]
    • Practice shifting while your vehicle is off so that you get used to the pattern of the gears.
  4. Lift off the clutch and press on the gas. Once you’ve moved up into the next gear, you can start to slowly lift off the clutch while giving your car more gas. If done correctly, the car should start to accelerate again and the RPM should go back down.[9]
    • Your car won’t stall when shifting higher than first gear because it’s already moving.

EditStarting From a Full Stop in a Motorcycle

  1. Put the bike in neutral. Put your motorcycle in neutral by squeezing the clutch lever, or the lever on the left-hand side of your handlebars. With the clutch squeezed, press down on the shift lever, or the lever at your left foot. This will put the bike in first gear. Neutral gear is one half-click up from first gear. Once the shift lever is all the way down, lightly lift up on the shift lever with your foot until you hear a click. This will put the bike in neutral.[10]
    • Some motorcycles will have an indicator light that lets you know when it’s in neutral.
  2. Start the engine. Press the ignition button your bike to start it. You don’t need to press down on the clutch or touch anything else as you start your bike’s engine.[11]
  3. Squeeze the clutch and push the shift lever down to first gear. Compressing the clutch lever allows you to switch gears. Squeeze the lever as you push your gear shifter down, into first gear.[12]
  4. Slowly release the clutch and walk with the bike. As you release the clutch the bike will begin to roll forward. Start walking with the bike as you slowly release the clutch to get a feeling for the bike as it’s moving.[13]
    • If you stall out, turn off the bike and start over from the beginning.
  5. Find your balance on the bike. Once you get moving, lift your feet on the foot rests of the bike. Position your left foot so that your toe is under the shift lever so that you can upshift while accelerating.[14]
  6. Rotate your right wrist backward on the throttle. Rotating your wrist backward on the right handlebar will give the bike throttle and propel it forward. Once you let off the clutch without the bike stalling, you can practice giving the bike throttle to accelerate in first gear.[15]
    • Do not give the bike too much throttle or you will send your bike flying forward.

EditUpshifting on a Motorcycle

  1. Squeeze the clutch lever while reducing your throttle. Squeeze the left clutch lever while slowly releasing your hand on the throttle. This will allow the bike to shift up into higher gears.[16]
  2. Push up on the shift lever to put it into the next gear. With the clutch still depressed, push up with your left toe on the shift lever. This will put the bike into the next highest gear.[17]
  3. Release the clutch while feathering the throttle. Gradually release the clutch while rotating your wrist backward on the throttle. Again, you shouldn’t give the bike too much throttle, or you may lose control of it. If you did everything correctly, you will have upshifted into the next highest gear.[18]

EditTips

  • You should always practice shifting in an empty parking lot before taking your vehicle out on the road.
  • Make sure to practice upshifting with someone who already knows how to do it.
  • In many states it’s illegal to practice driving without a driver’s license if you don’t have an experienced driver supervising you.

EditSources and Citations

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